The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) include 17 global initiatives launched by the United Nations in 2015 to address the challenges of poverty, hunger, poor health and education, climate change, gender inequality, insufficient access to water, sanitation, and energy, rapid unmanaged urbanization, environmental degradation and social injustice.
The Sustainable Development Goals provide a unifying basis for diverse groups in government, civil society, academia, and the private sector to work together. While a great deal of enthusiasm in some quarters has been generated, there are also naysayers who believe that the goals and targets of the SDGs are too ambitious and unrealistic. Therefore, it is important to underscore positive outcomes as they emerge as well as lessons learned and appropriate shifts in achievement strategies. For example, Baltic nations have created the Baltic 2030 Action Plan. In another case, the World Pensions Forum has observed that UK and European Union pension investors have been at the forefront of ESG-driven asset allocation at home and abroad and early adopters of “SDG-centric” investment practices.
Already, there have been highly-praised practices which is carried out in accordance with SDGs. Here are some cases cited from Sustainable Development Goals Fund (http://www.sdgfund.org/):
l The UNDP and World Bank programme: “Economic governance, regulatory reform, public participation, and pro- poor development: 2009 – 2012”. This was set up to help tackle Albania’s water and sanitation problems, through the stimulation of and support to the cooperation between the Consumer Protection Commission (CPC) and the Water Regulatory Authority (WRA). The CPC and WRA jointly developed a "model contract" between the providers of water and sewerage services and their customers. The contract aimed to protect the immediate interests of consumers by integrating the provisions of the consumer protection law (Law No. 9902 of April 17, 2008, on Consumer Protection1), while at the same time protecting Albania’s water and environmental resources by including relevant clauses of the country's water and sewerage code (No. 1304, dated December 11, 20092). The innovative aspects of this experience were: 1) the use of a consumer rights approach to address issues related to access and quality of water and sanitation; 2) the adoption of a multi-thematic approach, which combined the consumer rights and the water management themes; 3) the use of the contract between water companies and consumers as a means to educate both parties on their rights and obligations, with respect to environment protection; and 4) the use of the contract as an entry point to improve the quality of water and sanitation services.
l The intervention had the goal of contributing to the promotion of creative industries in Ayacucho, Cusco, Puno and Lambayeque, regions where much of the rural and indigenous population of Peru suffers from economic and social exclusion is concentrated. However, these regions have the potential to meet certain market demands, to generate inclusion, and to reduce poverty. The programme revolved around three main axes: 1) Improving the institutional environment by promoting public policies for the promotion of creative industries, strengthening the lead institutions at the local and regional level, and to bolster public-private structures. 2)Developing the abilities of small producers in sustainable creative industries, to contribute to increased income generation and market access through pilot projects and incubation centers for new businesses. 3) The willingness of counterparties and strategic partners to ensure the availability of products, tools, instruments and valid methodologies for the promotion of creative industries, as a means of ensuring the sustainability of actions.
lThe goal of the “Mainstreaming environmental governance: linking local and national action programme in Bosnia and Herzegovina” was to boost local management of environmental resources and service delivery by improving environmental governance and developing replicable models for environmental planning. In particular, a multi-pronged approach was chosen to target various stakeholders differently, with a heavy emphasis on the following sub-sectors: energy efficiency (EE), renewable energy sources (RES) and public buildings. The programme gave grants to municipalities to implement EE/RES projects and highlighted that several smaller-scale projects can have a greater impact as they allow for a decentralization of the benefits (energy savings, health improvements, local economic growth, “green jobs”, awareness-raising, etc. to be spread across the country.
l Turkey experienced increased temperature and decreased precipitation due to the effects of climate change in the southern Mediterranean during the years preceding the start of the joint programme, “Enhancing the capacity of Turkey to adapt to climate change”. Water availability for food production and rural development was limited, further exacerbating the social and regional disparities between the eastern and south-eastern provinces and the rest of the country. The Programme developed national capacity for managing climate change risks for rural and coastal development in Turkey by: 1) Mainstreaming climate change in the national development framework and reviewing the legal framework to support adaptation; 2) Building capacity in national and regional institutions; 3) Promoting pilot community-based adaptation projects, specifically in the Seyhan River Basin; and 4) Integrating climate change adaptation into all UN agencies in Turkey.
As one of the most influential partners on the global stage, China is ready to profoundly advance the achievements of the SDGs. In 2015, China’s President, Xi Jinping, made a promise at the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit to work with the UN TO render the vision of sustainable development a practical reality. Shortly thereafter, at his request, several innovative sustainable development zones were launched in China: Guilin, Taiyuan and Shenzhen. Given that Shenzhen is well-known for its innovative advances in science and technology, the city is confident and eager to demonstrate its leadership in sustainable development and to share its knowledge and experience with cities that have similar aspirations.
Inspired by the audacious spirit of the SDGs, the increasing number of well-done projects executed under its banner, and President Xi Jinping’s s promise, OGCLAB is honored to step firmly forward to collaborate with our partners to advance sustainable urban development and capitalize on emerging green innovations in science, technology, planning, development, finance, energy. urban services and management systems.
OGCLAB is well positioned in Shenzhen to serve as a laboratory for sustainable urban development and as a green forum to share knowledge, experience, and best practices. OGCLAB is, itself, a product of sustainable and innovative thinking. We have a minimal carbon footprint, as we have a green office, and we conduct our forums and exchanges principally on line.
For additional information regarding the OGCLAB, GMF, GCPS and IMCC, please visit our website at http://www.globalmayorsforum.org/. or http://www.hk-imcc.com/.
Copyright © 2005-2017 Global Mayors Forum. All Rights Reserved.粤ICP备15048427号 ruizim.net